The Lunar-Solar Secrets
The Beginning of Months

Written 11/25/2003
revised December 31, 2011

by DJ. Love, Bnei HaMashalim

I have waited years before writing this message, and I am only writing it now, because (after many years of thorough research, careful consideration, and Spiritual discernment) the truth of this harmonious message has become "Spiritually Self-evident". I, also, believe that YHVH has revealed His Truth on this important subject to me, and, therefore, I feel obligated to share this Revelation with you.

Believe me, I am fully aware of all the various methods for determining "The Beginning of Months", and I have participated in a number of the "Aviv Barley" versus "The Equinox" discussions. Additionally, there is the added factors of just exactly when does a "New Moon" begin; is it by calculation or crescent, waxing crescent or waning crescent, and if by crescent then is it our local crescent or the crescent in Jerusalem? And if that didn't complicate things enough, then there is even more chaos and confusion as to whether or not a "New Moon" is bright with light or dark? Now you and I know that YHVH is not the author of confusion
( 1 Corinthians 14:33 ), and YHVH would not put upon His "Chosen Few" anything that would prevent them from proper observation of His Sabbaths (weekly or Annual). So then, just what is it that I claim YHVH has revealed to me that could possibly make the pieces of the puzzle fit together. Well first of all, let me categorically state that there is only one verse in Scripture (Tanakh - Older Testament), and no verses in the Apostolic writings (controversial New Testament translations) that positively state(s) that YHVH has provided His "Chosen" with any other method than astronomical observation (this does not mean astrology!). As a matter of fact, this was of such importance that YHVH established these as signs for days, weeks, seasons, and years even before He created the first intelligent human beings (Adam and Eve).

Genesis 1:14
And God said, Let there be lights (Sun, Moon, Stars, Comets) in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day (Light) from the night (Dark); and let them be for signs (Prophetic), and for seasons (Beginning of Months or Spring), and for days, and years:

Nowhere, in the establishment of "The Foundations of The Earth" does YHVH state or even hint that a food crop (such as barley) would be a determining factor. Actually barley (a Grass) was made a factor by man for the sake of man's convenience, and was not done so in obedience (More about that later).

Genesis 1:9-13
9 And Elohim
(YHVH) said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
10 And Elohim
(YHVH) called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and Elohim (YHVH) saw that it was good.
11 And Elohim
(YHVH) said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and Elohim
(YHVH) saw that it was good.
13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.

So, what method(s) has YHVH seen fit to teach His "Chosen", so that we, "The Obedient",
(by Spiritual Intent) can unravel the mysteries and remove the cloaks of chaos placed on YHVH's Sabbaths? Actually the method is so simple that it makes me sad that it took so long to discover; but I need to draw a parallel between the phases of the Moon and the phases of a twenty-four hour day in order to reveal it. Remember we must use the presence of Light and the absence of Light  (Darkness) of the sky (Sun, Moon, Stars) as our guide. But first let me state that the reason YHVH uses "The Presence of Light" and "The Absence of Light" (darkness) is so that His "Chosen" can clearly understand the importance of our Spiritual Marriage Vows (Love and Obedience to His Commandments), and also, to discern the "Logos" (Plan of Salvation) through His Sabbaths and His "Spokesman" (Messiah Yahshua) . Additionally, each person that has ever been born must come to the knowledge of Good (Light) and evil (darkness). We have no choice except to choose whether we will learn from the mistakes of others and-or from our own mistakes.

"Logos"  actually does mean "Plan," and The Messiah is-was a very important aspect of YHVH's "Plan of Salvation" on behalf of His "Chosen Few", but Messiah is not the only important aspect of YHVH's "Plan of Salvation".

Genesis 3:4-5
4 And the serpent said to the woman, you shall not surely die:
5 For YHVH does know that in the day you eat there of, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be likened to immortals, knowing good
(Light) and evil(darkness).

Yes, to choose between Light and Darkness is of such prime importance, that every living thing
(plant and animal) ever established on Earth has had to adapt to this environment. But the Light and Darkness in our lives has been such a major everyday part of our lives that we tend to ignore it; sort of blank it out. Too bad, as YHVH uses "The Nature of Things" to teach His Truth and to reveal Himself to us.

Romans 1:20
20 For the invisible things of Him from the foundation
(creation) of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made (Created), even His eternal power and Divinity; so that they are without excuse:

Having said all of that, it is now time to draw the parallels between the phases of the 24 hour day and the phases of the Moon.

The Phases of a 24 hour day and the phases of the Moon, are both the resultant of the position of the Sunlight on the Earth and on the Moon, and are so interrelated, as to be completely inseparable.

The Parallel Phases

The 24 Hour Day
The Moon
Twilight or Dusk (The Evening)

The point when Sunlight and Darkness start to be equal or even on the surface of a specific area of the Earth, but the Sun is no longer directly visible. This is when the Passover meal is served, but a new day does not fully occur until shadows disappear.

Last Quarter Moon

last quarter moon

When darkness and light on the surface of the moon are equal (or even), but the darkness is waxing (growing) and light is waning (declining). When we see this phase we know that we are approaching the beginning of a new month.

Between Sunset and Twilight

Waning Sunlight

When Sunlight is disappearing from the surface of the Earth.

Waning Crescent Moon

Waning Sunlight

When Sunlight is disappearing from the surface of the Moon.


When the last faint rays of Sunlight fall upon the surface of the Earth. A New Day is about to begin. All Sabbaths are fully in force after Twilight (Civil Twilight).

Thin Last Visible Crescent

When the last faint rays of Sunlight can be seen on the surface of the Moon and a thin "Sliver of Light" is present. All New Months are fully in force after the surface of the moon becomes fully dark.

No direct Sunlight visible

When Sunlight no longer falls upon a specific surface of the Earth. The New Day is fully in force.

Dark New Moon
No direct or reflected Sunlight visible

When Sunlight no longer falls upon the visible surface of the Moon. The New Month is fully in force.

So there you have it, the undeniable evidence of the YHVH created
(natural) parallel relationship between the Sun, Earth and Moon with that the Righteous Relationship of Light (Good) and Darkness (Evil). Does anybody believe that this relationship is by mere coincidence? And Yes, the parallel relationship does continue for the approximately 24 hour day and the approximately 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, and 28 seconds month; only now the Light is growing (waxing) during the other half of the cycle, and appears on the opposite side of both the Moon and the Earth.

Does anyone anywhere actually believe that "Perfect" YHVH would take the least chance of associating "Good"
(Light) with "Evil" (darkness).

2 Corinthians 6:14
Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

lunar phases
To the left is the approximate current phase of the Moon in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. This is according to Eastern Daylight Savings time, and is not based on a Jerusalem, Israel Observation. However, in lieu of a Jerusalem observation, local observations are still an acceptable method.
Note: the IDL (International Dateline) cannot affect this observation.

Remember: It is not how we view the Sun, but it is how we view the LIGHT of the Sun on the surface of the Moon and the surface of the Earth that is important.

The 24 Hour Day
The Moon

Waxing Sunlight

When darkness is beginning to wane or disappear from the surface of a specific area of the Earth, and Light is appearing.

Waxing Crescent Moon

Waxing Sunlight

When darkness is beginning to wane or disappear from the surface of the Moon, and Light is appearing or waxing on the surface of the Moon.


Sunrise to Mid Morning

When light has exceeded darkness on the surface of the Earth.

Waxing Quarter Moon

First Quarter Moon

When light has exceeded darkness on the surface of the Moon.

Noon or Midday

When darkness has been removed (vanquished) from off the face of the Earth.

Full Moon

When darkness has been removed from the face of the Moon.

Does anybody think that the symbolism between Light and darkness is merely by chance? Does anybody think that this same "Light & Dark" relationship between Weekly Sabbaths, The Beginning of Days, Annual Sabbaths, and The Beginning of Months is merely coincidence? YHVH Forbid ! It was YHVH alone that set the Sun, Moon, and Stars in the heavens, and No One Else; And YHVH never does anything in a haphazard manner; Everything that can be "Planned in Advance" or "Predestined to Exist" was established from "The Foundations of The Earth"
(including Messiah). Absolutely nothing was left to chance.

Philippians 2:15
That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of YHVH, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world
(of darkness);

Romans 13:12
The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.

Ephesians 5:8
For ye were sometimes darkness, but now you are light in the Lord: walk as children of light:

1 Corinthians 13:12
For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face
(in Light): now I know in part (shadows); but then shall I know even as also I am known (in Light).

Do I actually need to continue? People, YHVH is sending us messages through His Creation (The Things He has made), and we need to open our Spiritual eyes and ears to receive them. There is no other way out of the darkness, and for this reason YHVH based His Sacred Calendar and His Holy Sabbaths on the symbolism of LIGHT and DARK.  Additionally, YHVH wants us all to realize that we are not presently in His "Coming Kingdom on Earth", but from "The Beginning" We were immersed into a world of darkness. Therefore the symbolism of DARK before LIGHT, Evening before Morning (Genesis 1), the Seventh Day Sabbath is at the end of the week, the 6000 years of Satan's Rule is followed by "The Sabbath Millennium" and Messiah's Rule, and dark moons are used to determine the "Beginning of Months," which Culminate in Spiritual Light (on the 15th day of each month of The Sacred Calendar) in the exact same way that darkness gives way to Light in the phases of the Moon and in a 24 hour day.  Is YHVH trying to send US mixed messages (Chaos)? I THINK NOT !

The Number 15  is most significant, as it has always Scripturally represented "Deliverance." Now I ask you, how can anything other than a bright "Full Moon" be symbolic of "Deliverance" from evil or the darkness of sin? IT SIMPLY CANNOT !

 However, I am sure HaSatan
  (human nature) is responsible for mankind's chaos! Additionally, there is not one instance in all of YHVH's symbolism where Light is to begin before Dark! It is always darkness that must give way to "The Light." Therefore, I can tell you (ALL) without any reservation that YHVH's Months begin with the DARK MOON. There is simply no other Righteous correlation that can be drawn that is perfectly in keeping with YHVH symbolism for the instruction of His Children.
  Having said all of that, this method is, also, the easiest and most observable method that there is, and it is consistently observable by even the most untrained eye.  It is simply Spiritually accurate to watch the waning
(disappearing crescent) light of the coming DARK MOON until that crescent of light is no longer observable, and then on that first night (with no crescent light on the moon) declare (by Shofar or Trumpet) that the New Month has begun (in darkness).  No guessing or Math required !  . . . . . EVEN SO . . . . . I still contend that YHVH's first priority is to His "Chosen", and for this reason He uses the symbolism of LIGHT and DARK to teach "Us" Truth and Prophecy. However, I do not believe, that even if it were overcast for days and we could not easily observe the beginning of the DARK MOON (no crescent), that YHVH would be a legalist any more than He expects His "Chosen" to be legalists. The "Intent of YHVH's Heart" is to teach His "Chosen", and the "Intent of Our Hearts" should be to learn from our Eternal Father according to the method that he has chosen for us (Romans 1:20), which is physical to Spiritual symbolism (Parables, Prophecy, Anthropomorphisms, etc.), and Commandments (which teach Love and Marriage).

The correlation between Light and Dark, and Days and Months is simply too strong to be coincidence or deniable.

So what about Aviv Barley?

Using barley
(or any crop), whether it is wild, hybrid, standard or indigenous to Israel or Egypt is not consistent with Genesis Chapter One nor is it seasonally consistent at all. There are more than 3500 chromosomal variations of barley, and barley has a ripening time that is dependent on planting time, variety, weather, and the individual farmer. Earliest varieties have been known to ripen six to eight weeks prior to later ripening varieties.

So why the aviv barley question at all?

Well, it seems that a few Karaite priests thought it was a good idea to introduce this as a method for determining "The Annual Beginning of Months
(first day)". One must wonder at their motive for doing so, as they have been in competition with the Pharisees and saducees for a very long time. In reality neither The Pharisees, The Saducees, The Karaites Nor any other Levitical Styled Priesthood qualify for inclusion into The Coming Kingdom of YHVH on Earth, as they are all legalists, and do not comprehend "Romans 1:20", "The Intent of The Heart" or the depths of "Light and Darkness"; neither do they accept that there has ever been a Messiah to make Spiritual understanding available to "The First Fruits" (The Chosen Few).

I am not saying that Aviv (Abib or Nissan) barley or wheat doesn't have it symbolism with prophecy, because it does.  Wheat symbolizes "The Chosen Few(Firstfruit of  The Spring Harvest), while barley symbolizes Messiah Yahshua; "The First" of "The Firstfruits". This will be explained in greater detail in the next few pages.

Moreover, there is no longer a Standing Temple or a Levitical High priest to wave the Omer
(Wave Sheaf) on the day after the "First Seventh Day Shabbat" that follows the last day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread during the First Month of Abib (Aviv). The "Chosen" on the other hand have Messiah Yahshua as their (our) High Priest; For it is "The Chosen" (symbolically represented by wheat) that are being Spiritually waved (presented) to YHVH by Messiah. The physical barley is specifically symbolic of "The First of The First Fruits" (Messiah). Even so, we should teach the history and understanding imparted by this symbolic physical to Spiritual parallel or


Firstfruits Comparison Chart

Let this be a lesson well learned, as this lesson has not always been known or understood.
Just as "The Chosen"
(The Elect or Children of GOD) those who will take part in "The First Resurrection" are referred to in Scripture as "The First Fruits." Let it be known that Messiah is, also, one of "The First Fruits," but Messiah was / is "The First" of "The First Fruits."
(YahShua) is our elder brother and purely a human being (as we all are), and we (The First Fruits) have all been "Chosen" by YHVH to perform a specific task in YHVH's "Plan of Salvation".  All the inspired "Words of YHVH" (whether included in The Bible or not) were only written for "The Chosen Few" by "The Chosen Few" (who existed at different times on Earth). However, because Messiah is "The First" of "The First Fruits" (begotten chosen humans) Messiah is, also, symbolically represented by "The First" of "The Grain First Fruits" (Barley), while the rest of "The Chosen Few" are symbolically represented by Wheat (and other first fruits) during "The Feast of First Fruits" (aka "The Feast of Weeks").

Does anyone recall barley being grown by the ancient Israelites while they wandered in the wilderness for 40 years? If they had bread, then why did they need manna? And yet, Passover and Unleavened Bread were still celebrated without the understanding of the barley symbolism then, as it was during the 70 years of captivity in Babylon, and as it has, also, been for the last 2,000 years. This was because barley was reserved by YHVH to only represent Messiah to those with Spiritual Ears to Hear and Eyes to See. Perhaps they were able to gather enough wild barley in those days for ceremonial purposes, but there is no mention for the priests to wait on the barley to ripen nor is the variety of barley now known.

So what about The Vernal Equinox ?

Were the Ancient Israelite capable of understanding the Equinoxes
(when the length in time of the Light of day is supposed to, but does NOT actually equal the length in time of the darkness of night)? Absolutely, and Moses did too. Only modern science has discovered that the Egyptian pyramids were perfectly aligned East to West and North to South, and thus capable of being used to determine when the visible Spring or Vernal Equinox has occurred. However, it is not the equinoxes that should be measured, but the time between the "Civil Twilights" of both dusk and dawn that should be even (equal) for the whole Earth, as well as each and every day. This is now known as "Civil Twilight" for each day, and "The Civil Twilight Equilux" (Click) for The Earth.

Acts 7:22
22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.

But for me, it just makes Spiritual sense, that while YHVH does symbolically begin each day and, also, each month in darkness; YHVH would not establish His annual Holy Sabbaths as long as darkness ruled the month
(phase of the moon). "Passover", and "Unleavened Bread" (First Annual Sabbath of the first month) should not take place as long as darkness rules (greater than or equal to 50% of ) the moon's visible surface. YHVH's "Appointed Feast Days" (symbolizing Deliverance) should never take place during the darkness of a New Moon. The symbolism would be totally wrong, and make YHVH's Instructions inconsistent and of no avail. YHVH is totally without variance in matters of Light and Dark. Therefore, "Dusk" (Civil Twilight as measured by the light reaching the Earth versus other methods) should always be used to mark the point when darkness no longer rules the day. Therefore, the time period between the "Evens" (Dusk and Dawn) or "Civil Twilight" should be used to determine which New Moon is used to establish "The Beginning of Months".
Moreover, it is not enough that a fully Dark New Moon occurs after the New Day begins
(Dusk); the fully Dark New Moon must be fully Dark for the entire 24 hour period from dusk to dusk. This then will be the First Day of The Sacred New Year or "The Beginning of Months".  This too will be explained in greater detain within the next few pages.

James 1:17
Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

It is the "Intent of the Heart" that pleases or displeases YHVH.

(Hebrews 4:12)

Galatians 4:16
So then, have I become your enemy by telling you the truth?

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